Head injuries can be devastating based on their severity and the lasting impact they might cause on an individual and their families. A serious head injury can result in impairment of movement, loss of balance and cognitive disabilities such as loss of memory or attention.

Different types of head injury

Head injuries can be categorised as minor or severe based on varying levels of required care, treatment and rehabilitation. Any person suffering from a head injury can experience any of the following:

  • Behavioural changes or difficulties in performing day to day functions
  • Poor memory and concentration
  • Problems with planning and organising
  • Finding difficulty in solving problems
  • Fatigue or inability to manage anger
  • Distress or lack of motivation

Head injury compensation amounts**

To make a head injury claim will require a medical report that clearly explains what type of head injury you have suffered and what their future impacts are. Because all cases are different, it is difficult to give an accurate estimation of how much compensation you may be entitled to. Below we have provided some estimations of compensation payouts based on past cases: Minor brain or head injury: £1,675 to £9,700 Less severe brain damage: £11,650 to £32,700 Moderate brain damage: £32,725 to £166,500 (there are categories depending on memory/ability to work/intellectual deficit/risk of epilepsy) Moderately severe brain damage: £166,500 to £214,350 (there are considerations depending on ability to communicate/risk of epilepsy/lift expectancy/degree of dependence) Very severe brain damage: £214,350 to £307,000 (there are considerations depending on life expectancy/extent of physical limitations/degree of insight) ** Information taken from Judicial College Guidelines for the Assessment of General Damages in Personal Injury Cases – 13th Edition. - please note that these figures are for guidance only and the compensation that you receive may be outside of these guidelines.  

How compensation could help after a head injury

If you have suffered a head injury due to the negligence of someone else, then you could be entitled to make a claim for compensation. This compensation can be used to help you cover the of cost of any expenses you have incurred as a result of the injury, pay for ongoing treatments and medical assistance. This includes:

  • Pay for rehabilitation
  • Pay the cost of adapting or buying a new home
  • Access to treatment not available on the NHS
  • Special educational needs
  • Lost earnings
  • Full or part-time care

Head injury symptoms

With any type of head injury, it is not always immediately obvious that you have suffered an injury as some symptoms can be delayed. If you have had an accident that resulted in a blow to the head in any way, then it is important to be on the look-out for the following symptoms:

  • Drowsiness
  • Headache that intensifies and cannot be treated with Paracetamol
  • Any feelings of confusion, unusual behaviour or problems communicating/speaking
  • Vomiting
  • Any loss of use of a part or parts of the body, particularly the limbs
  • Fitting/seizures or collapse followed by a strange feeling
  • Problems with your vision e.g. double or blurred vision.
  • Any blood or clear fluid leaking from the ear or nose
  • Unusual breathing patterns

  If any of these symptoms are evident after receiving a hit on the head then it is important that you seek medical advice as soon as possible. If you have had a knock to the head but are not displaying any of the above symptoms then it is important to stay vigilant over the next 48 hours.

Different types of head injury

A head injury is any type of injury that affects the scalp, the skull or the brain. In many cases a visible wound to the head is a clear sign of a head injury, but often there is no visible indication of an injury following trauma to the head. It is therefore important to seek medical help after any forceful contact to the head, especially as many head injury symptoms can take time to fully materialise. There are three main types of head injury: Concussion, Open and Closed...

Concussion

This is the most common and most well-known type of head injury. In concussion cases it is very important that the symptoms are monitored closely as the full effect of the head injury can take time to fully develop - with compression of the brain leading to severe brain injury.

Open

This kind of head injury is usually the result of pressure being applied to the head which causes a fracture or a displacement of the skull. The term 'open head injury' relates to the actual breaking and 'opening' of the skull, but does not necessarily mean there has been any injury to the brain.

Closed

A closed head injury is simply one that does not affect the skull in any way, so there is no fracture to the skull. 

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